How do you define a traditional classroom and learning model?
Essentially, there is a classroom with a teacher or an instructor and students or learners and the teacher teaches a concept or theory and works out solutions to questions related to the theory and then assigns the students similar questions.
The flipped classroom is a blended learning model in which traditional ideas about classroom activities and homework are reversed, or “flipped.” In flipped learning – the instructor asks the students to read up on a specific topic, watch videos pertaining to the topic as ‘homework’ and then in class, questions are assigned to students on the topic and the instructor helps students solve the questions by providing personalised feedback.
Let’s look at the key differences in the image below:
A clearer definition of Flipped Learning is – “A pedagogical approach in which direct instruction moves from the group learning space to the individual learning space, and the resulting group space is transformed into a dynamic, interactive learning environment where the educator guides students as they apply concepts and engage creatively in the subject matter.”
True flipped learning is about opening up class time and transforming it into hands-on, differentiated, and even personalized learning experiences. Being heavily dependent on technology, the flipped learning model will not work effectively if the necessary infrastructure is not in place. Flipped learning gives more power to the learner in terms of opening up their mind and helps them explore new concepts in a controlled and supportive environment with a greater degree of instructor-student engagement. This in turn improves the retention of learning among the students.
The Four Pillars of Flipped Learning
F-L-I-P – This stands for:
• F – Flexible Learning Environment
• L – Learning Culture
• I – Intentional Content
• P – Professional Educator
The Flipped Learning Network is the originator of the Four Pillars of F-L-I-P.
F-L-I-P involves in setting up an ideal learning environment that can be customised with ease, both the physical classroom and furniture and the digital learning environment or learning management system. A learning culture that fosters group learning and at the same time allows instructors to customize the teaching directed at specific learners who require added guidance. Intentional content that is designed to help students achieve their learning goals and is easily accessible to all earners. The last pillar – ‘Professional Educator’ is the most important factor in the entire learning model. Flipped Learning requires instructors who think out of the box, are professionally qualified, can handle a large and diverse audience and motivate learners and constantly engage with the learners.
Introducing flipped learning bit-by-bit in a traditional learning set-up is the ideal way to introduce learners to the flipped classroom. Instructors can start with animated videos and presentations to engage learners and create impromptu-quizzes and debates on topics to motivate learners.
What are your thoughts on flipped learning? Share them in the comments section below!